CAUSE OF BRAER SMASHUP PINPOINTED

Crippling of the Braer crude oil tanker, which led to its mangling on near shore rocks of the Shetland Islands Jan. 5, apparently was caused by steel pipes stored on deck, which worked loose in heavy seas and damaged fuel vent pipes. Seawater leaked into a diesel fuel storage tank, leading to an engine shutdown. Heavy seas kept the crew from getting on deck to drop the anchors and stop the ship's drifting. A Jan. 24 inspection by divers, after the seas calmed, showed no cargo oil or bunker

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