Rystad: Public E&P profits on track for record-breaking $834 billion

May 3, 2022
Public E&P companies are on track to break previous record profits this year on high oil and gas prices and surging demand. Free cash flow is expected to surge to $834 billion, a 70% increase from 2021's $493 billion.

Public exploration and production (E&P) companies are on track to break previous record profits this year on high oil and gas prices and surging demand. Total free cash flow (FCF), a company’s cash from operations after accounting for outflows and asset maintenance, will surge to $834 billion, a 70% increase from 2021's $493 billion, Rystad Energy research shows.

Total FCF from public E&Ps fell to around $126 billion in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing oil price collapse, halving the prior year’s total. As the global economy rebounded and fuel demand increased, last year’s FCF levels surged to nearly $500 billion, the highest profits ever for the upstream industry.

“The current financial health of public upstream operators is at an all-time high. Still, the good times are set to get even better this year, thanks to a perfect storm of factors pushing profits and cash flow to another record high in 2022,” said Espen Erlingsen, Rystad Energy’s head of upstream research.

The main contributing factor to the profits is sustained high oil and gas prices. With average Brent oil prices estimated at $111/bbl in 2022, Henry Hub gas price at $4.2/Mcf, and European gas price of $25/Mcf, total FCF for public upstream companies will reach $834 billion this year.

However, it is not just record high FCF on the table for public upstream operators. Cash from operations is also expected to rise this year, breaking the $1 trillion threshold for the first time. The projected annual total is a 56% jump from 2021 levels of $719 billion, which was the highest yearly total since 2014.

Cash from operations is typically used to fund new investments and financial costs, such as debt payments and dividends. In 2020, cash from operations dropped by almost $200 billion, or around 35%, implying that companies had less money to finance new activity and issue payouts to owners. As a result, investments also dropped in 2020, falling by almost $100 billion or around 30%.

Despite the robust growth in cash from operations, investments are not expected to grow significantly this year, inching up to $286 billion from $258 billion in 2021. The investment ratio, calculated as investments divided by cash from operations, shows the disparity between record cash flow and profits, and the portion of those windfalls that are reinvested. This ratio has fluctuated during the past decade, averaging around 72%. This year, however, the projected investment ratio is expected to plunge to 26%, the lowest since the early 1980s, according to Rystad Energy.

The meager investment ratio and soaring FCF indicate that public E&P companies will have significant cash available to pay down debt or pay dividends to shareholders. Much of last year’s profit was spent on reducing debt, which has left upstream operators in a healthy financial position. The upshot of this is that a significant portion of the vast profits anticipated this year will likely be paid to shareholders.

Almost all the large public E&P companies will have an investment ratio of 20-30% in 2022. US independent Occidental Petroleum has the lowest ratio of about 20%, while US major ExxonMobil is expected to see the most significant increase in FCF in 2022, growing by about $18 billion. Hess is an outlier among with an investment ratio of around 45%, due to the company’s plans to ramp up investments in Guyana and the Bakken.