Golfinho route optimization keys successful lay off Brazil

Marcelo José Barbosa Teixeira, Claudio Roberto Mansur Barros, Mônica de Castro Genaio; Petróleo Brasileiro SA, Rio de JaneiroCarlos Terêncio Pires Bomfimsilva, Janaina de Figueiredo Loureiro, Vivianne Cardoso Pessoa Guedes; Intec Engineering, Rio de JaneiroThe export gas pipeline from the Espírito Santo basin’s deepwater Golfinho field off Brazil required extensive geophysical and oceanographic work before beginning pipeline design, it being the first development in the basin.The geophysical survey showed that the critical area along the pipeline route lay on the shelf break and in deep water (100-350 m). Canyons, ravines, and scarps forced pipelayin...

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