More Petrochemicals Refining News

OIL FIELD CORROSION-CONCLUSION ECONOMICS IMPORTANT IN SELECTING MONITORING TECHNIQUES

Aug 6, 1990 Douglas P. Moore Harry G. Byars ARCO Oil & Gas Plano, Tex. Failure/risk costs need to be considered when deciding on the type of corrosion monitoring and inspection. Locations with high-pressure, high-velocity streams need closer monitoring. This concluding article of a three-part series discusses the risks associated with different types of fluid streams and the various inspection techniques that can range from a low-cost visual examination to mechanical calipers and electromagnetic,

OGJ NEWSLETTER

Aug 6, 1990 Overnight, the world oil market outlook has changed dramatically with Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

U.S. BRIEFS

Aug 6, 1990 WESTERN GAS PROCESSORS LTD., Denver, acquired the pipeline assets of Parker Gas Cos. Inc., Tulsa, and its subsidiaries for an undisclosed price. Included were 450 miles of pipeline mainly in the Giddings, Tex., area and their gas gathering and measuring segments. The sale of Parker's gas treating assets, also to Western, is scheduled for Aug. 21 closing. THE MEGA BORG supertanker, involved in an oil explosion and oil spill off Galveston, was towed out of the Gulf of Mexico on a 2 month

APPLICATIONS VARY FOR DEWAXING PROCESS OVER 10-YEAR SPAN

Aug 13, 1990 Fritz A. Smith Mobil Research & Development Corp. Princeton, N.J. Robert W. Bortz Mobil Research & Development Corp. Paulsboro, N.J. Shape-selective catalytic technology to control cold-flow properties of middle distillates has been demonstrated during a 10-year period. The Mobil Distillate Dewaxing (MDDW) process, a shape-selective process utilizing ZSM-5 as a catalyst, has been used commercially in 21 refineries of various types: topping/reforming, visbreaking, and reforming/catalytic

U.S. BRIEFS

Aug 13, 1990 MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE released a draft environmental impact statement for OCS Sale 126 off Alaska scheduled for August 1991. The proposed sale area consists of 4,319 blocks covering more than 23 million acres of the Chukchi Sea in water depths of 100-300 ft. Comments on the draft EIS, available from the MMS office in Anchorage, Alas., will be accepted until Sept. 11.

OGJ NEWSLETTER

Aug 13, 1990 The possibility of a wider conflict in the Persian Gulf in the wake of Iraq's conquest and annexation of Kuwait has the world on tenterhooks as awareness grows there is no true shortage of world oil supplies (see story, p. 17). IEA's governing board, meeting in Paris late last week, decided that "no physical shortage of oil existed and there is no need to activate the emergency response oil sharing system."

INTERNATIONAL BRIEFS

Aug 13, 1990 U.S.S.R. increased its capacity to export liquefied petroleum gas. A new tanker built in West Germany to transport LPG and chemicals made its first voyage from the Baltic port of Riga to western Europe and Mediterranean countries. France has been a leading buyer of Soviet LPG. BRAE GROUP obtained a 50% interest in Scottish Area Gas Evacuation system, which will deliver Brae area gas reserves to U.K. markets when complete in late 1992. Mobil North Sea Ltd., operator of Beryl field, will

PRICE HIKES, FEARS OF OIL SUPPLY CRISIS TRAIL IRAQ ATTACK ON KUWAIT

Aug 13, 1990 Iraq's blitzkrieg seizure of Kuwait has created chaos in world oil markets. At a time when oil demand was relatively soft and oil stocks brimming worldwide, events following Iraq's Aug. 2 invasion of its neighbor, a former Arab ally, have sent oil futures prices rocketing to levels not seen since before the 1986 oil price collapse.

INTERNATIONAL BRIEFS

Aug 20, 1990 POCO PETROLE MS LTD. and Voyager Energy Ltd., both of Calgary, failed to agree on terms for a merger. The companies were unable to agree on an exchange ratio for valuation purposes that would have allowed them to trade each other's shares to make the deal. A successful merger would have created a company that would have been the 12th largest operator in the Canadian oil industry.

CONSTRUCTION POINTS TO END OF LULL OFF NORWAY

Aug 20, 1990 Norway is experiencing one of its quietest offshore weather window programs on record. Only two fields are due on stream this year. BP Petroleum Development Norway's Gyda field came on stream early, while Amoco Norway's small Hod satellite field is scheduled to start up shortly. However, there is plenty of construction work in progress onshore that should guarantee more-active weather window programs in future years. An annual study of undiscovered reserves in Norwegian waters by the

INDIA'S DOWNSTREAM EXPANSION CONTINUING

Aug 20, 1990 India's downstream expansion continues. India has commissioned its first gas cracker complex, a $925 million project built by Indian Petrochemicals Corp. Ltd. in Nagathone, Maharashtra. Separately, India's government is pursuing development of another gas cracker complex, this time to utilize surplus gas in Assam state. Indian Prime Minister M.S. Gurupadaswamy has called for expedited permitting of the project to help promote economic development in the civil strife-torn state. In

CONTRADICTIONS SEEN IN OSHA'S SAFETY STUDY

Aug 20, 1990 A study conducted for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration doesn't come down firmly on any side of the issue of whether increased use of contract workers poses a threat to the safety record of hydrocarbon processing plants. John Gray Institute, Lamar University System, Beaumont, Tex., studied safety and health practices in U.S. refineries and petrochemical plants under a contract with OSHA.

OFFSHORE TEXAS HAS THIRD OIL SPILL OF SUMMER

Aug 20, 1990 Another sizable oil spill has occurred off Texas, less than 48 hr after cleanup of last month's spill in Galveston Bay was complete. A barge that buckled and ruptured during loading at Lyondell Petrochemical Co.'s dock spilled about 500 bbl of No. 6 fuel oil into the Houston Ship Channel. Environmental damage was minimal, and cleanup was expected to be complete at the end of last week.

EPA PROPOSES CUT IN SULFUR CONTENT OF DIESEL

Aug 20, 1990 The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed an 80% reduction in the sulfur content of U.S. diesel fuel beginning Oct. 1, 1993. EPA Administrator William K. Reilly called the move "an important step" for cleaner air. He said the reduction will have the largest effect in urban areas where particulate levels are the highest and the number of people exposed the greatest. "This action, along with the stringent heavy duty particulate reduction standards for 1991 and later vehicles, will

PROPOSED OSHA SAFETY REGS TARGET PROCESS PLANT PROCEDURES

Aug 20, 1990 Richard A. Corbett Refining/Petrochemical Editor Existing codes, standards, and good engineering practices, already adhered to by much of the U.S. hydrocarbon processing industry, will gain the force of federal regulation when the process plant safety standard proposed by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) goes into effect, possibly late this year or early next (OGJ, July 23, p. 18).

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