More Oil & Gas Processing News

DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF FCC FLUIDIZABILITY HELPS SPOT PROBLEMS

Jan 15, 1990 Gordon W. Brown Refining Consulting Services Englewood, Colo. Direct measurement of fluid catalytic cracking catalyst fluidizability provides refiners a tool to routinely check for circulation problems in an FCCU. If a circulation problem develops, comparative test data may show quickly if the problem is catalyst, operating condition, or hardware related. Refiners prefer direct measurement of any parameter over a calculated or an inferred method. The fluidizability of FCC catalyst is no

NORSK HYDRO TESTS OIL ZONE IN TROLL GAS FIELD

Jan 15, 1990 Norsk Hydro has started a 12 month production test of extensive oil reserves underlying Troll gas field in the Norwegian North Sea. The company is using the Petrojarl test ship to produce a single horizontal well drilled into a 72 ft thick oil zone under the western lobe of the giant gas field. The well, in 1,085 ft of water, is producing about 12,000 b/d. If the year-long test is successful, Norsk Hydro could have a floating oil production system operational in West Troll by 1994, 2 years

FRANCE SPINS OFF ORKEM ASSETS TO ELF, TOTAL

Jan 15, 1990 France's government has broken up the state owned petrochemical company Orkem SA, formerly CDF Chimie, and distributed the assets among the two state oil groups, Ste. Nationale Elf Aquitaine and Total CFP. Most of the assets will go to Elf to enable it to compete with the world's chemical giants. Elf will acquire Orkem's petrochemicals, plastics, and fertilizers businesses, excluding those sold to Italy's Enimont SpA last year.

LONG, HEAVY VESSELS MAKE ITALY-U.S. VOYAGE

Jan 15, 1990 An extremely long, heavy splitter column made a journey to Houston from Italy late last year. M.W. Kellogg Co. let a contract to Jumbo Navigation NY, Geneva, Switzerland, to transport the vessels to a Quantum Chemical Corp. petrochemical plant at Deer Park, Tex. The transport involved three columns, the largest a 748 metric ton splitter column 297 ft long. The columns were fabricated at Porto Marghera, Italy. Two of the columns were 66 m long and 6 m in diameter and weighed 497 metric tons and

U.S. BRIEFS

Jan 15, 1990 MONTEDISON USA INC. completed its acquisition of Himont Inc. for about $605 million and plans to complete a merger of Himont into Montedison as an indirect wholly owned subsidiary later this month. OXFORD ENERGY CO., Santa Rosa, Calif., let a $70 million contract to a unit of Zurn Industries Inc., Erie, Pa., for a 288 ton/day, 30,000 kw waste tire to energy plant to dispose of about 23,000 tires/day at Sterling, Conn. It will be the world's largest electrical power plant fueled solely by

H2 RECOVERY PROCESSES COMPARED

Jan 15, 1990 T.R. Tomlinson, A. J. Finn Costain Engineering Ltd. Manchester, England Choosing between cryogenic and membrane technologies for the recovery of hydrogen from industrial offgases is influenced by such factors as feed pressure, product pressure, feed composition, plant capacity, and operating costs. A look at three examples in which both technologies have been used illustrates the need for a thorough understanding of the engineering principles involved.

SPANISH DOWNSTREAM INDUSTRY EXPANDING

Jan 15, 1990 Spain continues to attract a considerable amount of spending in refining and petrochemicals. State owned Repsol SA and E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. are studying construction of two major petrochemical plants with a combined value of about $2 billion. Work has started on two other plants, and plans have been disclosed for still two more units.

WYCAL TO START LAYING PIPE LATE THIS YEAR

Jan 15, 1990 Coastal Corp.'s Wyoming-California Pipeline Co. (WyCal) plans to begin laying pipe late this year on its 30 in. gas pipeline from Wyoming to California. The pipeline is the first major interstate project among those proposed to serve the California market to proceed with construction. WyCal last week said it has received firm, long term, transportation commitments for enough gas to proceed with construction of the $665 million, 1,000 mile project (see map, OGJ, Oct. 16, 1989, p. 36).

WATCHING THE WORLD WHY CONOCO CHOSE CONCRETE

Jan 15, 1990 with Roger Vielvoye from London Conoco Norway's pioneering plans for a concrete hull, tension leg platform for the deepwater Heidrun oil and gas field in the Haltenbanken area of the Norwegian Sea have finally made their way to the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy in Oslo for processing. If Norway's Storting (parliament) approves the 19 billion kroner ($2.93 billion) project during the current spring session, Conoco will start work on preliminary engineering in the third quarter of this

U.S. REFINERS DRAW FIRE FOR PRODUCT PRICE SPIKE

Jan 15, 1990 U.S. refiners drew the blame at a congressional hearing last week for last month's sharp increases in middle distillate and propane prices. Members of the House energy and power subcommittee were indignant about the increases and were not satisfied with explanations detailing record cold weather and refinery shutdowns. They vowed not to let the matter drop simply because prices are declining now.

IRAN TO BUILD NEW REFINERY AT ARAK

Jan 15, 1990 The National Iranian Oil Co. has announced that it let a contract in April 1989 for the construction of a grassroots, 150,000-b/d refinery to be sited some 200 miles southwest of Tehran near a pipeline at Arak, Iran, according to the Iranian Ministry of Petroleum. Startup of the refinery is scheduled for early 1993. The contract for the refinery was awarded to a joint venture comprising JGC Corp., Tokyo, and Tecnologie Progetti Lavori SpA (formerly Technipetrol SpA), Rome. The contract price

PDVSA EYES TANKER, STORAGE CAPACITY HIKES

Jan 15, 1990 Petroleos de Venezuela SA (Pdvsa), Venezuela's state oil company, plans to increase its tanker fleet and foreign oil storage capacity. Pdvsa will buy more vessels to boost its export tanker capacity enough to handle 30% of Venezuela's exports vs. the current 14%. At yearend 1988, Pdvsa had 19 tankers with total capacity of 768,000 dwt. Pdvsa did not disclose details on how many or what kind of tankers it expects to buy or how it will expand foreign oil storage capacity.

INTERNATIONAL BRIEFS

Jan 15, 1990 SECOND STAGE of the 960 km Iraqi pipeline across Saudi Arabia (IPSA-2) started up last week, boosting Iraq's export capacity to 3.5 million b/d. IPSA-1, first stage of the $2.7 billion, 1.65 million b/d system, started up in September 1985 with throughput of 500,000 b/d. The system links Iraq's southern oil fields with the Yanbu export terminal on the Red Sea. SAUDI ARABIA gave Morocco $50 million toward cleanup of the oil spill from the damaged Iranian tanker Kharg 5 off

SHELL TO SLASH EMISSIONS AT ALBERTA PLANT

Jan 15, 1990 Shell Canada Ltd. will install new technology at its Burnt Timber gas processing plant in Alberta in a project designed to cut sulfur dioxide emissions by more than 50%. The new Superclaus technology is licensed by a Dutch company, Comprimo, in which Royal Dutch/Shell Group is a substantial shareholder. Burnt Timber sulfur dioxide emissions are to be reduced to less than 20 metric tons/day from the current 40 metric tons/day. The company currently is meeting license limits on emissions at the

SAFETY, ENVIRONMENT TOP OCAW LIST; STRIKE UNLIKELY

Jan 15, 1990 Rick Hagar Gulf Coast News Editor Members of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union (OCAW) threaten to walk off their jobs after Jan. 31 unless industry contends with some of their safety/environmental and dependent child care concerns. More than 250 contracts covering more than 30,000 workers mostly expire Jan. 31. Contract negotiations currently under way involve most refineries and petrochemical plants in the U.S.
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