More Production Operations News

STATE SOLONS ACCENT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Jul 2, 1990 The spring round of state legislative sessions saw renewed emphasis on U.S. environmental protection. Only about a dozen legislatures are still sitting. States also increased their cooperation on environmental issues. For example, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and Massachusetts officials met last spring to cooperate on regional oil spill protection and liability issues.

COAST GUARD CALIFORNIA SPILL REPORT STIRS FUSS

Jul 2, 1990 A U.S. Coast Guard report and recommendations related to the Feb. 7 tanker oil spill off Huntington Beach, Calif., have stirred controversy and could lead to tough new U.S. marine terminal restrictions. The report found the spill occurred because tanker terminal operator Golden West Refining Co., Santa Fe Springs, Calif., and the mooring master or his employer failed to maintain accurate water depth readings (OGJ, June 4, Newsletter).

U.S. WILDCAT SUCCESS RATE FIGURES 1946-88 REVEAL DISTURBING TREND

Jul 2, 1990 George G. Leckie Spanstride Ltd. Surrey, U.K. Examination of the statistics on drilling and discoveries for the U.S. 1946-88, as published by Murray in the American Association of Petroleum Geologists 1989 yearbook on World Energy Developments, reveals some puzzling trends. The data for the U.S. are the most comprehensive national statistics of this type covering a prolonged period that embraces changes in technology. The chart above, almost entirely derived from the AAPG statistics, shows:

EXTENSIVE ANALYSIS CRITICAL FOR HORIZONTAL WELL TIE-IN

Jul 2, 1990 Arild Wilson, Carl Hartmann Norsk Hydro a.s. Oslo, Norway The design of the tie-in of the Gamma North field's horizontal well to the Oseberg field complex required extensive analysis of the physical properties, hydrate evaluation, material studies, and multiphase flow. The physical property generation was based on inhouse procedures that to a large extent are applications of the Gas Processors Association (GPA) developed techniques and method. Experimental verifications have confirmed the

U.S. BRIEFS

Jul 2, 1990 PACIFIC GAS & ELECTRIC CO. received California's first Air Pollution Reduction Award for developing and using a process to remove hydrogen sulfide gas from geothermal steam and reducing hazardous waste by as much as 90% at the Geysers power plant, Sonoma and Lake counties, Calif. The process cuts the volume of chemicals used at the plant.

SPAIN'S BASQUE AREA ONLY LIGHTLY EXPLORED

Jul 2, 1990 Edward Frankovic Consultant Bilbao, Spain The portion of the Basco-Cantabrian basin within the Basque country of northern Spain remains an attractive exploration area for hydrocarbons (Fig. 1). Jurassic sourced oil found in seeps from Upper Cretaceous rocks has so far eluded the explorationist. In addition, possible gas reserves, like those found just south of the city of Vitoria or off Bermeo, will probably be found in the future.

MEASUREMENT RECORDS VITAL FOR EFFECTIVE PROGRAM

Jul 9, 1990 Douglas P. Moore, Harry G. Byars ARCO Oil & Gas Plano, Tex. Corrosion monitoring is the foundation for a corrosion control program in oil and gas fields. The information derived is necessary to determine need, extent, and performance of corrosion control measures. This first part of a three-part series discusses the need to maintain good records on the corrosion control program and the techniques for measuring the corrosion environment. Emphasis will be on corrosion caused by produced

U.S. BRIEFS

Jul 9, 1990 ENERGY VENTURES INC., Houston, acquired the remaining 17.2% interest in oil field service and equipment unit EVI Inc. for about 890,000 shares of Energy Ventures stock. SEAGULL ENERGY CORP., Houston, purchased Wacker Oil Inc., Houston, from Costain Holdings Inc., Chicago, for about $77 million. PARKER & PARSLEY DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS LP, Midland, Tex., and affiliates acquired eight limited partnerships affiliated with Damson Oil Corp., New York, with proved oil and gas reserves of 7.6 million bbl

WAYS TO DEAL WITH WET H2S CRACKING REVEALED BY STUDY

Jul 9, 1990 Gerrit M. Buchheim Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Florham Park, N.J. Large-scale inspections during the past 5 years of pressure vessels operating in wet H2S service and an American Petroleum Institute (API) survey have revealed that, industry wide, about 25% of all vessels inspected contained cracks. Individual companies and locations have experienced cracking in as many as 45% or more of the vessels inspected.

OGJ GROUP PROFITS SLIDE 26% FROM YEAR AGO

Jul 9, 1990 Robert J. Beck Economics Editor First quarter profits for Oil & Gas Journal's group of 22 large U.S. oil companies totaled $5.616 billion, down 26% from first quarter 1989. Results were mixed, with 14 companies posting a drop and eight showing an increase. None of the companies had a loss for the quarter this year, compared with one company, Ashland Inc., a year ago. A slide in earnings from chemical and U.S. refining operations caused the first quarter slump.

HORIZONTAL WELL BOOSTS CRAWFORD FIELD OIL FLOW IN BRITISH NORTH SEA

Jul 9, 1990 A horizontal well drilled by Hamilton Bros. Oil & Gas Ltd. will double production from Crawford oil field, one of the smallest in the U.K. North Sea. Hamilton Bros.' 9/28a-16 horizontal well, drilled to 8,450 ft true vertical depth, 11,200 ft measured depth, by the Sedco 703 semisubmersible in the east part of the field, flowed 6,900 b/d through a 72/64 in. choke. It has been suspended and will be tied back to the Northsea Pioneer floating production facility soon.

DIAGNOSIS KEY TO FLOODING PROBLEM SOLUTION

Jul 16, 1990 Norman P. Lieberman Process Improvement Engineering Metairie, La. When tower flooding occurs, results of field diagnoses of the problem must be included in the solution to the flooding problem. Results of the dianosis can help determine the easiest means to eliminate the flooding. Two examples indicate how good field diagnosis could have led to simpler solutions to tower-flooding problems. One refiner was experiencing flooding of a depropanizer. Based on field investigation, it was determined

RAPID REVERSAL NOT LIKELY FOR DECLINE IN SOVIET OIL FLOW

Jul 16, 1990 The slide in Soviet oil flow won't likely be reversed soon. Production could drop another 4%-maybe more-this year following a decline in 1989 of about 2.5% from the previous year. For the near term, natural gas offers the best hope for growth in energy production. That's according to Robert Ebel, Enserch Corp. vice president, international affairs, Washington, D.C. Ebel expects 1990 Soviet oil production to average about 11.6-11.7 million b/d, compared with 1989 output of 12.14 million

U.S.S.R. PINS BIG HOPES ON GAS RESOURCES

Jul 16, 1990 John L. Kennedy Editor Natural gas is today's and tomorrow's bright spot in the U.S.S.R.'s energy picture. Boosting gas production will be easier than halting declining oil production, but even natural gas growth faces political and technological challenges. Corrosive wellstreams require special equipment and operating techniques. And in areas where new supplies will come from-western Siberia, for one-there is growing local resistance to development of oil and gas resources.

HORIZONTAL WELLS BOOST SOUTH TEXAS OIL FLOW

Jul 16, 1990 Oil production from Cretaceous Austin chalk horizontal wells in a South Texas field is 100 times greater than it was 1 1/2 years ago, officials of Oryx Energy Co., Dallas, have told the Texas Railroad Commission (TRC). Oryx said this increased production supports its position that temporary field rules on horizontal drilling in Pearsall field should be made permanent. TRC conducted hearings last week on the temporary rule providing a four-fold increase in horizontal well allowables, to 1,312

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