GAS HYDRATES-Conclusion: Experiments illustrate hydrate morphology, kinetics

Experiments with gases and liquids, in both static and dynamic conditions, and in the presence of methanol and kinetic inhibitors illustrate the complexity of controlling hydrates in petroleum operations.This concluding article of a two-part series presents selected results from laboratory experiments with pure and natural gases mixed with distilled water, salt water, and freshwater or salt water containing thermodynamic or kinetic inhibitors.The first article (OGJ, Feb. 5, 2001, p. 47) described some aspects of hydrates and equations, especially their formation and dissociation.Experimental procedureThe equipment for the experiments was designed and constructed at Texas A&M University. H...

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