Return on resid processes depends on product differentials

Depending upon market demand, any of the three dominant resid-conversion processes-coking, resid fluid catalytic cracking (RFCC), or hydrocracking-can be a profitable option for using refinery resids.In 1998, when the light and heavy product differentials were small, the profitability of these resid-conversion processes was dismal. In 1999 and 2000, however, differentials recovered, which allowed refineries with these resid-processing units to enjoy a good return on investment (ROI).This article reviews the developments for delayed coking, hydrocracking, and RFCC technologies and their economics. Because of the complexity of the combinations, SRI Consulting has examined the economics for ...

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