Aquaconversion technology offers added value to E. Venezuela synthetic crude oil production

The vast reserves of extra-heavy crude oil in eastern Venezuela are awaiting the introduction of lower-capital-cost technologies to make them available to the oil market.At the present time, all the heavy oil commercialization in this region is done by dilution. PDVSA-Intevep has developed Aquaconversion, a catalytic steam conversion process able to upgrade this crude oil by transferring hydrogen from the water. Aquaconversion transforms an 8° gravity extra-heavy crude oil to synthetic crude oil of 16° gravity and decreased viscosity, at a rather low investment, thus leaving free for independent marketing the diluent (30° gravity crude oil).This article summarizes the main res...

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