Industry organization questions need for ULS fuels

Although ultra-low sulfur (ULS) fuels used with certain vehicle technologies will reduce vehicle CO2 emissions, there are a number of counterbalancing effects in terms of refining investment costs and plant CO2 emissions.Potentially negative consequences in terms of air quality and greenhouse gases also require further studies.These are the conclusions of a study by Concawe (Conservation of Clean Air & Water, Europe), Brussels, a European organization representing oil companies' interests in environmental and health protection.Concawe defined ULS fuels as those with less than 10 ppm sulfur and evaluated the costs and benefits for these fuels for the European Union (EU).Need for ULS fu...

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