Caspian area refineries struggle to overcome Soviet legacy

Click here to enlarge imageRefineries in the Caspian area are struggling to overcome their legacy of outdated technology from the Soviet era.Although the countries have enormous potential to become a refining center, expensive and inadequate crude supplies, poor product qualities, and improper payments contribute to their troubles today.Prior to the break-up of the former Soviet Union (FSU) in 1991, a common feature of the 10 functioning oil refineries in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan was their integration into a broader regional network. They were designed to function as part of a monolithic, centrally controlled Soviet oil industry. Breaking up this uni...

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