HIGH INTEGRITY PROTECTIVE SYSTEMS-CONCLUSION: QatarGas' plant reflects typical HIPS applications

Unconventional designs using high-integrity protective systems (HIPS) are increasingly used to lower the investment cost of new oil and gas production developments or to minimize the cost of debottlenecking existing plants.This article concludes a series of two articles on HIPS that focus on the importance of a comprehensive design as well as maintenance, without which system reliability and integrity of protection would suffer.The first article (OGJ, Apr. 17, 2000, p. 53) provided guidelines, based on the experience of Total, for the design of HIPS. Total was among the first oil companies to develop HIPS in the 1980s.This conclusion describes typical applications of HIPS as installed on ...

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