Metal contents in crudes much lower than expected

Chris Dekkers Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning, and the Environment (VROM)The Hague Rinus Daane Shell International Oil Products BVAmsterdam Figure 1 [137,050 bytes] Figure 2 [151,281 bytes] A study of crude oils imported into The Netherlands analyzed the quantity and the origins (whether indigenous or contaminants) of certain metals in the crude. This report shows that heavy metals' contents of crudes are much lower than previously assumed. Published literature in the late 1980s and early 1990s had already identified the source and quantity of metals emissions in The Netherlands.1 2 Of those metals identified, only the...

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