Italy boasts Europe's 'cleanest' gasoline following huge outlays

Italy boasts the "cleanest" gasoline in Europe, following a 13.3 trillion lira ($8 billion) investment program by refiners in 1990-97. And refiners will have to spend another 9.4 trillion lira in 1998-2005 to comply with tightening domestic regulations, the Kyoto climate change treaty, and the European Auto-Oil program. In 2005, Italy, along with the rest of the European Union, will have to reduce sulfur in gasoline to 30 ppm and benzene levels in gasoline to 1 vol %. Carbon dioxide emissions are to be reduced by 6.5-7% in the same period. Emissions decline In 1997, refiners' emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic hydrocarbons all droppe...

Why Register?

Non-subscribers can only view whitepapers by providing name, home and email address, phone number and other information and comment on/rate articles.

Why Subscribe?

Oil & Gas Journal subscribers with login credentials can access these premium features of OGJ Online:

  • Current Issue – an html version of the current week's issue of Oil & Gas Journal.
  • Past Issues – An Electronic OGJ Archive. A keyword-searchable archive of all issues of Oil & Gas Journal dating back to 1990; also searchable by issue date.
  • Market Journal – a weekly round-up of the oil and gas markets, with observations from leading analysts.
  • Editor's Perspective – a short article of insight and opinion by the Editor of Oil & Gas Journal.
  • OGJ Industry Stats – quick access to current industry statistics from Oil & Gas Journal.
  • OGJ Survey Downloads - quick access to exclusive reports from Oil & Gas Journal.


Subscriber Help or Subscribe

Oil & Gas Journal Subscribers: Have your subscription number (from the mailing label on the cover of your Oil & Gas Journal) and e-mail address ready to set up your online account through Customer Service Assistant.

If you're not an Oil & Gas Journal subscriber, start a subscription and gain access to the subscriber areas of OGJ Online now.

Stay Connected