Italy boasts Europe's 'cleanest' gasoline following huge outlays

02/01/1999
Italy boasts the "cleanest" gasoline in Europe, following a 13.3 trillion lira ($8 billion) investment program by refiners in 1990-97. And refiners will have to spend another 9.4 trillion lira in 1998-2005 to comply with tightening domestic regulations, the Kyoto climate change treaty, and the European Auto-Oil program. In 2005, Italy, along with the rest of the European Union, will have to reduce sulfur in gasoline to 30 ppm and benzene levels in gasoline to 1 vol %. Carbon dioxide emissions are to be reduced by 6.5-7% in the same period. Emissions decline In 1997, refiners' emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic hydrocarbons all droppe...
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