A description of Canadian oilsands characteristics

Canada's oilsands are a mixture of bitumen, sand, water, and clay. Each grain of sand is enveloped by a thin film of water that also contains extremely fine particles of clay and other trace materials. In turn, the bitumen, a naturally occurring viscous mixture of heavier hydrocarbons, surrounds the sand and water. Other components vary locally with the deposits, but may include sulfur (about 5 wt %), minerals, heavy metals, and other nonhydrocarbon materials, some of which have commercial potential. In its raw state, bitumen is a black, asphalt-like oil, as thick as cold molasses and heavier than water. Often composed of molecules containing as many as 2,000 carbon atoms, ...

Why Register?

Non-subscribers can only view whitepapers by providing name, home and email address, phone number and other information and comment on/rate articles.

Why Subscribe?

Oil & Gas Journal subscribers with login credentials can access these premium features of OGJ Online:

  • Current Issue – an html version of the current week's issue of Oil & Gas Journal.
  • Past Issues – An Electronic OGJ Archive. A keyword-searchable archive of all issues of Oil & Gas Journal dating back to 1990; also searchable by issue date.
  • Market Journal – a weekly round-up of the oil and gas markets, with observations from leading analysts.
  • Editor's Perspective – a short article of insight and opinion by the Editor of Oil & Gas Journal.
  • OGJ Industry Stats – quick access to current industry statistics from Oil & Gas Journal.
  • OGJ Survey Downloads - quick access to exclusive reports from Oil & Gas Journal.


Subscriber Help or Subscribe

Oil & Gas Journal Subscribers: Have your subscription number (from the mailing label on the cover of your Oil & Gas Journal) and e-mail address ready to set up your online account through Customer Service Assistant.

If you're not an Oil & Gas Journal subscriber, start a subscription and gain access to the subscriber areas of OGJ Online now.

Stay Connected