Cleaner fuels shift refineries to increased resid hydroprocessing

UPGRADING BOTTOMS-1 Lawrence Wisdom, Eric Peer, Pierre Bonnifay IFP North America Inc. The technology options to upgrade the bottom of the barrel have changed dramatically since refining began. In early operations, unconverted crude was land-filled. As a result of high gasoline demand, thermal cracking was introduced. Then, hydroprocessing made inroads because of three major factors: The low cost of hydrogen from catalytic reforming Oil price hikes in the 1970s Environmental regulations. In the future, refiners are expected to continue to rely on hydroprocessing to meet product quality specifications required by government re...

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