Here are design procedures for installing deepwater PLEM

Robert T. Gilchrist Jr.Shell Deepwater Development Systems Inc.Houston Equations 221,894 bytes] Engineers planning to install a pipeline-end manifold (PLEM) as part of a deepwater flow line system must closely integrate design and installation procedures to ensure the equipment will run smoothly, predictably, and safely. Pipe tensions are high in deep water and installation vessels costly. Therefore, design of the PLEM and the corresponding installation procedure must be as simple as possible. Shell Deepwater Development Systems, along with other companies, has used the approach and design outlined here. They have been proven in the following flow line projects: Popeye (1...

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