L.R. Aalund Managing Editor-Technology A good example of a major refinery coping with German environmental regulations is the Erdocl-Raffinerie Neustadt GmbH & Co. (ERN) refinery near the town of Neustadt a.d. Donau, or Neustadt on the Danube, in lower Bavaria. ERN is a joint venture of Mobil Oil AG,, and Ruhr Oel GmbH. Ruhr Oel is in turn a joint venture of Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. and Veba Oel AG. Veba operates the refinery. The 7 million tons/year (144,000 b/d) complex refinery deals regularly with nearly 30 different crude oils, arriving via the Italian port of Trieste and the Trans Alpine Line from the Middle East, North and...

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