Carlos Cavalcanti Moreira, Cezar A. Silva PauloPetrleo Brasileiro SARio de Janeiro A standardization program for subsea wellheads and completion equipment has made development of Brazil's offshore fields more economical and efficient. Petrleo Brasileiro SA, or Petrobrs, began a program to standardize subsea equipment because of its extensive operational experience offshore, the large number of subsea wells to be drilled and completed in its new fields, and the potential economical benefits in dealing with common rigs, tools, risers, wellheads, trees, and spare parts for more than 200 wells. The standardization program defi...

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