U.S. refiners will have to add 230,000-310,000 b/d of delayed coking capacity by 2010 to process expected increases in domestic heavy oil production. In the next 20 years, U.S. refiners may spend as much as $7 billion, including $3 billion to add conversion capacity and $1 billion to maintain existing distillation capacity. The remaining $3 billion will be spent to comply with the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments. Those are the conclusions of a Bonner & Moore Management Science study of heavy oil processing. The study was conducted for the National Institute for Petroleum Research (Niper), Bartlesville, Okla. Increases in...

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