Knut A. Simonsen, Luke F. O'Keefe Texaco Inc. White Plains, N.Y. W. Francis Fong Texaco Development Corp. White Plains, N.Y. Refinery demand in the U.S. for on-purpose hydrogen will continue to increase by 5-10%/year, depending on the extent of implementation of the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) and other proposed environmental legislation. The two processes capable of meeting this demand are steam methane reforming (SMR) and partial oxidation. SMR is essentially a mature process, with only incremental improvements in efficiency and reliability expected. Emissions from burning fuel to supply heat for...

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