Karen S. Eble, Jennifer Feathers Betz Industrial Trevose, Pa. Before a refinery can optimize internal water reuse, all process water streams must be identified and their contaminants characterized. They can then be matched to minimize total refinery water use, discharge, and treatment. The identification of streams with similar contaminants (i.e., "matching") allows treatment to be tailored to the contaminants involved. The cooling system is typically the largest consumer of water within a refinery and, consequently, it is the most likely place to reuse water. Therefore, the contaminant characterist...

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