Lowest possible flow temp. offers savings vs. pour point

Dusan Danilovic, Vesna Karovic-Maricic, Dejan Ivezic, Veselin Batalovic, Marija Zivkovic, Miroslav Crnogorac University of Belgrade Serbia Leaving produced gas entrained in heavy oil pipelines reduces energy costs by allowing the oil to flow at a lower temperature. This article analyzes boundary heavy oil flow conditions, defining the minimum possible flow temperature. Pipeline design for heavy oil transportation must not be done exclusively on the basis of the oil's pour point value, but instead by determining the lowest possible flow temperature. This method achieved energy savings for two well pipelines in Serbia's Turija North oil field of 5.4 and 9.5%, with research suggesting an ave...

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