Special Report: Crude Export Riser— Conclusion: Pipeline design allows continued use beyond field’s life

11/24/2008
The export pipeline system includes two modules permitting future connections and another serving as a contingency for the freestanding hybrid riser (FSHR), making the infrastructure flexible enough to be used in its full capacity after the original field is depleted. A pipeline end termination (PLET) begins the line, which is connected to the FSHR base by a rigid-base jumper (RBJ). The line splits in four major sections to allow for subsea equipment installation and is terminated by a by-pass pipeline end manifold (PLEM), directing the flow to an FSO prior to PRA-1 commissioning and redirecting it afterwards. The first article in this three-part series described the FSHR in detail before...
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