Crude Export Riser — 1: Hybrid riser application provides deepwater crude export solution

The freestanding hybrid riser concept allows decoupling the schedules of riser and floating production unit design, manufacture, and installation, providing flexibility should delays occur during FPU construction. Uncertainties in FPU construction schedules and the low availability of specialized construction vessels pose a risk of delay if the chosen riser concept requires the FPU to be in place at the time of installation.Petrobras’s development plan for the Roncador field offshore Brazil included an FSHR as part of its oil export system. This first of three articles describes the FSHR in detail before examing its design and installed responses. Subsequent articles in the next two...

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