ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION-3: Limestone boulders, artificial reef modules provide seafloor mitigation

Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC created habitat replacement sites on the Gulf of Mexico seafloor during installation of its subsea pipeline as part of efforts to mitigate its effect on both epiflora-epifauna and fish.The habitat replacement sites consisted of either groupings of limestone boulders or prefabricated reef modules (Fig. 1), both of which served as substrate for live bottom community development. Gulfstream used prefabricated reefs such as this (top) to provide seafloor replacement environments (bottom) for epiflora, epifauna, and fish disturbed by its pipeline construction (Fig. 1).Click here to enlarge imageThe boulder sites consisted of limestone boulders spread across t...

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