Land mines, ordnance clearance needed in African exploration

International oil and gas companies are finding countries on the African continent increasingly appealing. That appeal, however, is tempered by dangerous remnants of past wars. Companies conducting exploration in current and former areas of African conflict must be prepared to factor remediation efforts into their plans and costs.Land mines and unexploded ordnance (UXO), such as grenades, rockets, and ammunition, pose a problem in a number of African countries, many of which lack the capability or resources to conduct clearance operations in anticipation of oil exploration. Exploring in areas that have not been cleared can be unsafe, and exploration companies often must assume responsibil...

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