Evolution of scientific surface geochemical exploration

The beginning of scientific surface geochemical exploration, that is, microseepage as opposed to macroseepage, took place in the 1920s at the prestigious Max Planck Institute in the work of Gunter Laubmeyer.Laubmeyer was aware that gases could pass through metal, and he reasoned that gases under pressure could probably rise through the not impervious strata over an oil field.Laubmeyer needed to demonstrate that hydrocarbon concentrations in the air existed over an oil field, as contrasted with the near absence of hydrocarbons in the air away from the oil field.He created a technique, using microcalorimetry, to measure extremely small quantities of methane. Laubmeyer demonstrated that ther...

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