CONCAWE: Vapor-emissions controls for marine gasoline loading too costly

A study of emission controls for non-methane volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at European marine gasoline-loading terminals shows that such controls would not be cost-effective even for terminals with the very largest throughput.The European Union's National Emissions Ceiling Directive sets targets for nonmethane VOCs in European maritime countries. The study compared the cost of marine control to that of the most expensive alternative measure that could be applied to meet those targets at minimum cost.CONCAWE, a Brussels-based European organization representing oil companies' interests for health, safety, and the environment, conducted the study and reported in late 2002 the res...

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