Wildlife resources and vulnerabilities summarized for 1002 Area of ANWR

ALASKA'S ANWR—3If petroleum represents one resource abundant in the 1002 Area of ANWR, wildlife certainly comprises another.More than 35 species of land and marine mammals, as well as over 100 species of birds, have been identified in its borders. It is used as a calving ground for caribou, a denning area for polar bears, a year-round habitat for muskoxen, and a major migration route for several kinds of waterfowl. While none of these animals is listed as endangered, some have undergone cycles of increase and decline in recent decades, posing the question of their vulnerability to changes in habitat.Biological diversity in the 1002 Area and adjacent waters is considered very hig...

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