Application of marine heat flow data important in oil, gas exploration

The earth is a gigantic heat engine. A tremendous amount of heat is constantly transported from its center to the surface by thermal convection and conduction.The geothermal heat is ultimately the driving force of most large-scale geologic processes that take place on the surface of the earth (e.g., movement of tectonic plates, volcanic eruptions, etc.). A portion of the heat conducted through the earth's crust is used to drive the chemical reactions which transform organic matter contained in sedimentary rocks into petroleum.Without the geothermal heat, there would be no naturally occurring petroleum on this planet. Therefore, measuring this heat and understanding its transport mecha...

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