AFPM Q&A—3 (Conclusion): Discussion turns to crude processing

This final of three articles that present selections from the 2011 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Q&A and Technology Forum (Oct. 9-12; San Antonio) highlights crude oil processing. HollyFrontier Corp.'s 135,000-b/sd El Dorado refinery in Kansas is a high-complexity coking refinery able to process large volumes of heavy and sour crudes. The refinery last underwent major reconfiguration to process more very heavy crudes. The project, which added a new vacuum unit and revamped several existing units, started up in mid-2008 (OGJ, Aug. 3, 2009, p. 50). Photo from HollyFrontier. What is your best practice and expected efficiency in removal of calcium naphthenates in high...

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