CERI: Oil sands costs up 6.3-13.2% in year

The estimated cost of producing bitumen in Canada has increased by 6.3-13.2% in the past year, depending on the production method, according to the Canadian Energy Research Institute.

Supply costs at the plant gate, CERI says in an annual report, are $30.32(Can.)/bbl for primary recovery, $47.57/bbl for steam-assisted gravity drainage, $99.02/bbl for integrated mining and upgrading, and $68.30/bbl for mining alone.

Compared with CERI’s estimates last year, the costs are up 6.3% for SAGD, 10.9% for integrated mining, and 13.2% for stand-alone mining.

CERI defines “supply cost” as the constant-dollar price needed to recover all capital expenditures, operating costs, royalties, and taxes and to earn an annual return on investment of 12.5% assuming inflation of 2.5%/year.

With adjustment for blending and transportation, the West Texas Intermediate-equivalent supply cost at Cushing, Okla., is $58.61/bbl for primary recovery, $77.85/bbl for SAGD, $103.16/bbl for integrating mining and upgrading, and $99.49/bbl for stand-alone mining.

In 2012, total production from Canadian oil sands areas is estimated to have increased by 13% from the prior year to 1.9 million b/d.

In a reference-case scenario, CERA projects production from mining and in situ thermal and solvent extraction, which totaled 1.5 million b/d in 2011, will reach 3.1 million b/d by 2020 and 5.6 million b/d by 2046.

A high-case scenario sees production via those methods of 4.1 million b/d by 2020 and 6.7 million by 2046. Under low-case assumptions, production doesn’t reach 4.1 million b/d until 2030 and gets no higher than 4.7 million b/d by 2046.

Total initial capital investments required during 2012-46 for oil sands work, according to CERI, total $229.7 billion in the reference case, $270.4 billion in the high case, and $176.7 billion in the low case. These estimates exclude spending for primary and enhanced oil recovery oil sands projects.

Ongoing investment, or sustaining capital, reaches $10.2 billion/year in 2046 and averages $8.7 billion/year in the reference case. In the high case, sustaining costs reach $12.1 billion in 2046, averaging $10.6 billion/year over the forecast period. Low-case sustaining costs are $8.4 billion/year in 2046 with a $7.1 billion/year average.

CERI expects natural gas requirements to rise from 1.259 bcfd in 2011 to a 2046 average of 3.183 bcfd in the reference case, 3.753 bcfd in the high case, or 2.693 bcfd in the low case.

In the absence of sequestering equipment, emissions of greenhouse gases will increase in proportion to production, CERI says.

GHG emissions increase from 47 million tonnes/year (tpy) of carbon dioxide-equivalent in 2011 to 2046 levels of 156 million tpy in CERI’s reference case, 137 million tpy in the low case, and 190 million tpy in the high case.

Related Articles

BHI: Texas anchors 90-unit plunge in US rig count

01/30/2015 The US drilling rig count plunged 90 units—a majority of which were in Texas—to settle at 1,543 rigs working during the week ended Jan. 30, Baker H...

Victoria extends drilling, fracing ban

01/30/2015 The new Victorian Labor government of premier Daniel Andrews has extended the coal seam gas (CSG) exploration and hydraulic fracturing ban in the s...

Oxy cuts capital budget by a third

01/30/2015 In the midst of falling oil prices, Occidental Petroleum Corp., Houston, expects to reduce its total capital spending for 2015 to $5.8 billion from...

Gas-turbine units in transit to Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye field

01/28/2015 JSC Gazprom Neft reported that six gas-turbine power units are in transit to Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye field in the Yamalo-Nenetsk Autonomous Region.

Eni lets $2.54-billion contract for Ghana FPSO

01/28/2015 Eni SPA unit Eni Ghana Exploration & Production Ltd. has let a $2.54-billion contract to Malaysia’s Yinson Holdings Bhd. for the chartering, op...

Chevron, BP, ConocoPhillips join to explore, appraise Gulf of Mexico leases

01/28/2015 Chevron Corp. subsidiary Chevron USA Inc., BP PLC unit BP Exploration & Production Inc., and ConocoPhillips Co. have pledged to work together t...

Carrizo cuts drilling, completion spending by 35%

01/27/2015 Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc., Houston, is cutting its drilling and completion capital expenditure plan for the year by 35% to $450-470 million, but e...

Stone Energy lets pipe supply, installation contracts for Amethyst field

01/27/2015 Stone Energy Corp., Lafayette, La., has let flexible pipe supply and installation contracts to Technip SA for Amethyst field on Mississippi Canyon ...

Hess cuts capital budget by 16% to $4.7 billion

01/27/2015 Hess Corp. has set a capital budget of $4.7 billion for 2015, down 16% from $5.6 billion spent last year. The company at the beginning of 2014 repo...
White Papers

Transforming the Oil and Gas Industry with EPPM

With budgets in the billions, timelines spanning years, and life cycles extending over decades, oil an...
Sponsored by

Asset Decommissioning in Oil & Gas: Transforming Business

Asset intensive organizations like Oil and Gas have their own industry specific challenges when it com...
Sponsored by

Squeezing the Green: How to Cut Petroleum Downstream Costs and Optimize Processing Efficiencies with Enterprise Project Portfolio Management Solutions

As the downstream petroleum industry grapples with change in every sector and at every level, includin...
Sponsored by

7 Steps to Improve Oil & Gas Asset Decommissioning

Global competition and volatile markets are creating a challenging business climate for project based ...
Sponsored by

The impact of aging infrastructure in process manufacturing industries

Process manufacturing companies in the oil and gas, utilities, chemicals and natural resource industri...
Sponsored by

What is System Level Thermo-Fluid Analysis?

This paper will explain some of the fundamentals of System Level Thermo-Fluid Analysis and demonstrate...

Accurate Thermo-Fluid Simulation in Real Time Environments

The crux of any task undertaken in System Level Thermo-Fluid Analysis is striking a balance between ti...

6 ways for Energy, Chemical and Oil and Gas Companies to Avert the Impending Workforce Crisis

As many as half of the skilled workers in energy, chemical and oil & gas industries are quickly he...
Sponsored by
Available Webcasts

On Demand

Global LNG: Adjusting to New Realities

Fri, Mar 20, 2015

Oil & Gas Journal’s March 20, 2015, webcast will look at how global LNG trade will be affected over the next 12-24 months by falling crude oil prices and changing patterns and pressures of demand. Will US LNG production play a role in balancing markets? Or will it add to a growing global oversupply of LNG for markets remote from easier natural gas supply? Will new buyers with marginal credit, smaller requirements, or great need for flexibility begin to look attractive to suppliers? How will high-cost, mega-projects in Australia respond to new construction cost trends?

register:WEBCAST


US Midstream at a Crossroads

Fri, Mar 6, 2015

Oil & Gas Journal’s Mar. 6, 2015, webcast will focus on US midstream companies at an inflection point in their development in response to more than 6 years shale oil and gas production growth. Major infrastructure—gas plants, gathering systems, and takeaway pipelines—have been built. Major fractionation hubs have expanded. Given the radically changed pricing environment since mid-2014, where do processors go from here? What is the fate of large projects caught in mid-development? How to producers and processors cooperate to ensure a sustainable and profitable future? This event will serve to set the discussion table for the annual GPA Convention in San Antonio, Apr. 13-16, 2015.

This event is sponsored by Leidos Engineering.

register:WEBCAST


The Future of US Refining

Fri, Feb 6, 2015

Oil & Gas Journal’s Feb. 6, 2015, webcast will focus on the future of US refining as various forces this year conspire to pull the industry in different directions. Lower oil prices generally reduce feedstock costs, but they have also lowered refiners’ returns, as 2015 begins with refined products priced at lows not seen in years. If lower per-barrel crude prices dampen production of lighter crudes among shale plays, what will happen to refiners’ plans to export more barrels of lighter crudes? And as always, refiners will be affected by government regulations, particularly those that suppress demand, increase costs, or limit access to markets or supply.

register:WEBCAST


Oil & Gas Journal’s Forecast & Review/Worldwide Pipeline Construction 2015

Fri, Jan 30, 2015

The  Forecast & Review/Worldwide Pipeline Construction 2015 Webcast will address Oil & Gas Journal’s outlooks for the oil market and pipeline construction in a year of turbulence. Based on two annual special reports, the webcast will be presented by OGJ Editor Bob Tippee and OGJ Managing Editor-Technology Chris Smith.
The Forecast & Review portion of the webcast will identify forces underlying the collapse in crude oil prices and assess prospects for changes essential to recovery—all in the context of geopolitical pressures buffeting the market.

register:WEBCAST


Careers at TOTAL

Careers at TOTAL - Videos

More than 600 job openings are now online, watch videos and learn more!

 

Click Here to Watch

Other Oil & Gas Industry Jobs

Search More Job Listings >>
Stay Connected