Oil, gas firms Y2K ready
The US oil and gas industry is confident of normal operations on Jan. 1, following its final survey of companies' Year 2000 computer readiness. The American Petroleum Institute and the Natural Gas Council said that 93% of the companies they surveyed have completed testing their computer systems to assure they will work Jan. 1. The companies represent 96% of US oil and gas demand. All said they would be Y2K ready by Dec. 31.
Next action: The associations said gasoline retailers will have extra supplies available to meet any increased demand from consumers concerned about shortages.
Olympic pipeline spill
State and federal agencies are investigating an Olympic Pipe Line Co. products pipeline rupture June 10 in Bellingham, Wash. The 16-in. pipe spilled about 250,000 gal of gasoline into a city park. It ignited and killed three persons. The National Transportation Safety Board said preliminary indications are that the pipe was damaged when water lines were laid across it in 1993-94. The Transportation Department's Research and Special Programs Administration has ordered a review of all pipeline operations in Washington state. RSPA also ordered Olympic to reduce operating pressure on its system, make some internal inspections, and to test some sections hydrostatically.
Next action: The U.S. Justice Department is investigating the accident for possible criminal misconduct, which is delaying a National Transportation Safety Board inquiry. NTSB expects to issue a report next year. A Washington state task force is due to report on the accident by the end of the year.
Vice President Al Gore has pledged that, if elected President, he would ban any new offshore drilling for oil and gas along the California and Florida coasts. The Clinton administration had prohibited new leasing, but not drilling on existing leases. The American Petroleum Institute called Gore's promise "shortsighted." It said, "Government policy towards offshore exploration for oil and gas should be guided by a careful analysis of the country's needs and the best knowledge of what can be done with current technology, not politics."
Next action: Industry groups have launched a public relations effort warning against such a ban, and stress the nation's need for gas from the Outer Continental Shelf.
Exxon Corp. and Mobil Corp. appear close to culminating a $82 billion merger that would create the world's largest publicly traded oil company. The European Commission already has approved the companies' merger of their operations there. Negotiations were continuing with the US Federal Trade Commission, which reportedly wants the firms to sell up to 1,500 gasoline stations in the Northeast, some terminals, ownership interests in pipelines, and one or more refineries.
Next action: An agreement between FTC and the two oil companies could come at any time.
The US Supreme Court has agreed to hear lawsuits challenging Washington state's regulations on oil tanker traffic off its coast. The Justice Department and tanker companies argue that only the federal government has the legal authority to regulate offshore shipping. The cases are US vs. Locke and International Association of Independent Tanker Owners vs. Locke.
Next action: The court is due to hear oral arguments in December and issue an opinion by June.
The House Commerce Committee's energy and power subcommittee has reported out a bill opening the retail electricity market to competition. So far, 24 states have opened their retail markets to customer choice. Proponents of the bill competition and reliability in the national power grid cannot be achieved without federal deregulation legislation. Meanwhile, Sen. Frank Murkowski (R-Alas.), Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee chairman, said his panel wouldn't move legislation until early 2000.
Next action: The House bill goes to the full Commerce Committee in early 2000, but approval there is doubtful.
Royalty in-kind test
The US Minerals Management Service plans another royalty in-kind (RIK) pilot project, using a competitive auction to take up to 260 MMBTU/day of gas from Gulf of Mexico federal leases. RIK pilots are underway in Wyoming and offshore Texas. The Gulf of Mexico pilot will involve federal leases off western Louisiana and is expected to include a large number of operators, lessees, and potential purchasers. Under the program, bidders will offer to deliver a quantity of gas at a specific market center location.
Next action: MMS will accept bids soon for the 4-month pilot, which will begin Dec. 1.
Royalty rule moratorium
House and Senate conferees have approved a 6-month extension of an appropriations bill provision that would block the US Minerals Management Service from issuing a controversial royalty management rule. During that time, the congressional General Accounting Office would investigate the royalty issue and report to Congress. The MMS rule would reset the way royalties are calculated, abandoning reliance on posted prices and basing them on actual sales prices. Industry claims the proposed rule is too complex and unworkable. The American Petroleum Institute has urged President Bill Clinton to order MMS to repropose the rule, effectively delaying it until the next administration (OGJ, Oct. 4, 1999, p. 40).
Next action: Clinton is highly unlikely to order MMS to start afresh. The 6-month ban was retained in the spending bills, but President Clinton has threatened to veto the measure.
The House Commerce Committee's health and environment subcommittee has approved a bill allowing California a waiver on the use of methyl tertiary butyl ether in gasoline. The bill would allow California to phase out MTBE, if the replacement gasoline met the Clean Air Act's required toxic emissions reductions and achieved the same cuts in auto emissions.
Next action: The issue now moves to the full House Commerce Committee. Eventual passage by the House is doubtful, given the opposition of agriculture and alcohol fuels interests.
Save Domestic Oil Inc., a group of independent US producers, has appealed a Commerce Department decision to dismiss their anti-dumping petition. The appeal to the US Court of International Trade, in New York City, alleges Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Iraq sold crude in the US at unreasonably low prices. The American Petroleum Institute opposes the appeal. Commerce ruled last August that the SDO petition failed to meet the legal threshold of adequate industry support, and thus the department did not consider the merits of the case (OGJ, Aug. 16, 1999, p. 31).
Next action: The court will be considering briefs this fall.
The US Commerce Department is studying whether rising crude and product imports are affecting national security. If it determines that they are, the Clinton Administration could take corrective actions under Sec. 232 of the Trade Expansion Act. The study must be completed by Jan. 29, 2000. A similar study in 1994, when petroleum import levels were lower, concluded imports did threaten national security, but the Clinton administration determined no special actions were needed.
Next action: Commerce already has missed a July deadline it set for itself. An announcement could come at any time.
The US Environmental Protection Agency plans to give small refiners more time to meet its proposed rule limiting gasoline sulfur levels. The measure would slash the sulfur content of gasoline from the current average of 330 ppm to 30 ppm between 2004 and 2006. The American Petroleum Institute said the rule would add 5
Next action: EPA plans to issue a final rule by Dec. 31.
A federal appeals court has overturned the US Environmental Protection smog and soot standards. In a 2-1 opinion, the District of Columbia Court of Appeals said EPA overstepped its authority in drafting the rule 2 years ago because it failed to show public health concerns justified the tougher rule. The court also said EPA had assumed that Congress had given it powers that the justices said Congress could not delegate under the US constitution (OGJ, May 24, 1999, p. 39).
Next action: EPA will appeal the court's decision to the US Supreme Court.
Oil state congressmen have introduced bills to allocate at least half of the federal revenues from Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas production for coastal states and federal conservation and wildlife programs. The Senate bill would use 50% of OCS revenues, or $2.296 billion/year. The House bill earmarks 60%, or $2.74 billion/year (OGJ, May 24, 1999, p. 45).
Next action: The legislation is stalled due to opposition from environmental groups and the problem of funding the multi-billion dollar program without a waiver of budget laws.
The US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has issued a rule to require interstate gas pipeline companies to notify landowners of proposed routes when they file applications for the construction and operation of facilities. FERC said the proposed rule would ensure that landowners along rights of way have sufficient opportunity to participate in its pipeline certificate process.
Next action: The rule becomes effective in mid-November.
This fall the US Department of Energy is refilling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve with 13.2 million bbl of Central Gulf of Mexico federal royalty oil. DOE plans to replenish 28 million bbl sold in 1996 and 1997 for budgetary reasons. The four SPR sites in Louisiana and Texas have capacity for 680 million bbl and held 561 million bbl before the refill program began (OGJ, Apr. 12, 1999, p. 37).
Next action: More solicitations will be sought this fall.
Lease operating standards
The US Bureau of Land Management has proposed a rule to reduce overlap in current oil and gas regulations and give operators increased flexibility in meeting agency requirements. The rule would allow operators to meet published industry standards rather than BLM requirements. In some cases it would allow operators to meet performance standards that would replace prescriptive rules. The rule would increase individual lease bonds from $10,000 to $20,000, and statewide bonds from $25,000 to $75,000. Nationwide bonds would remain at $150,000 (OGJ, Dec. 14, 1998, p. 28).
Next action: The rule has met some industry opposition and is pending.
The US signed the Kyoto global warming treaty Nov. 13, 1998, as the representatives of 160 nations concluded a second round of negotiations in Buenos Aires. The Kyoto pact calls for the US to cut its emissions 7% below 1990 levels by the year 2012. At the Buenos Aires meeting, the parties agreed to a late 2000 deadline for resolving issues remaining from the meeting in Kyoto. Also, they plan to draft rules for enforcing the Kyoto pact, including penalties for noncompliance (OGJ, Nov. 16, 1998, p. 42).
Next action: The Clinton Administration does not plan to submit the treaty to the US Senate for ratification until developing nations make commitments to cut their emissions.